SAKTA and KAULA TANTRISM

The two lineages of the school DEVI TANTRA YOGA and Maya Swati Devi

SAKTA LINEAGE

 

SAKTI means strength, power, feminine energy, it is the feminine manifestation of the divine. The veneration of the various forms of Shakti is widespread in India.

Towards the middle of the first millennium, a new spiritual and religious current emerged in the Asian subcontinent: shaktism. A myriad of forms of the great mother went to join the pre-existing male Hindu deities thus forming divine couples. This current also greatly influenced Buddhism so that the various figures of the Buddha were joined by a female figure. The male divinity representing the strength, the power and therefore the divine energy is added to the male divinity that represents the immutable. A real religious revolution that also corresponds to a new spiritual view. In the seventh century AD Shaktism produced its sacred texts: Tantra.

The deepest roots of shaktism and tantrism can be found in the cult of the great mother of the predictive peoples. Cults that have analogies all over the world and bring us back to the origins of spirituality. Kali or Durga, black mothers in the most ancient cultures, black goddesses in ancient Greece or Christian black madonnas come from a single prototype. An archaic deity that has resisted male-dominated traditions, such as the Vedic one, and that has resurfaced with new vitality with the cult of Durga and Kali in all their forms.

 

ea black appears for the first time in Devi Mahatmya or Durga Saptasati by Marcandeya Purana. The devotion to Kali, the goddess who best expresses the great mother's archetype, has its fulcrum in tantrism. Its terrifying form symbolizes power, strength, good that defeats evil, it is the manifestation of divine power. Black because it is the color where everything disappears, also called Digambari (covered with sky), naked and with large breasts like the primordial goddesses.

Shiva in Mahanirvana Tantra describes it thus:

Like white, yellow and all other colors disappear into black, in the same way all beings enter Kali.

So it is for those who have gained knowledge of the tools for final liberation that Kalashakti (Kali, without her Time, Kala ceases to exist) without attributes, without form and beneficial, has the color of darkness.

Since the eternal, inexhaustible and beneficial in the form of Kala (Time) is the Nectar itself, therefore the sign of the Moon is placed on His forehead (the Nectar flows from the Moon). Since you observe the whole universe, which is the product of Time (the Universe is Brahman in the form of Space-Time which is Maya), with your three eyes - the Moon, the Sun, and the Fire - for this You have three eyes.

Since She devours all existence, since She chews everything that exists with her fierce teeth (Kala-danta, the teeth that are Time), for this reason blood is imagined as clothing of the Queen of Deva (at the final dissolution) .

For from time to time you protect all beings from danger, and as you direct them on the paths of duty, your hands are raised to dispel fear and bestow blessings.

Since you enclose the universe, which is the product of Rajoguna (Passion, active quality), you are described as the Devi who is sitting on the red lotus, while watching Kala drunk from intoxicating wine and playing with the universe. Furthermore, the Devi, whose substance is intelligence, is a witness of all things.

 

The Divine Mother is revered as ten cosmic personalities, the Dasa-Mahavidya. Mahavidya are considered tantric by nature and are usually identified as:

 

Kali: The ultimate form of Brahman, "Devourer of Time".

Tara: The Goddess who is guide, protector and savior. She who offers the ultimate knowledge that gives salvation (also known as Neel Saraswati).

Shodashi or Lalita Tripurasundari: The Goddess who is "beautiful in the three worlds", the "Parvati tantrica" ​​or the "Moksha Mukta".

Bhuvaneshvari: The Goddess as Mother of the World, or whose body is the cosmos.

Bhairavi: The ferocious Goddess.

Chinnamasta: The self-beheaded Goddess.

Dhumavati: The Widow Goddess, or Goddess of death.

Bagalamukhi: the Goddess who paralyzes enemies.

Matangi: the Prime Minister of Lalita, the "tantric Sarasvati".

Kamala: The Goddess of Lotus, the "tantric Lakshmi".

 

KAULA LINEAGE

 

"The power that dwells, resides in the heart, is freedom itself. The object, the aim of its creative activity is the" family ", that is, the whole of the perceivable, the perception and the perceiver; and therefore, that it it is called with the name of "Head of the family" (Kaulinī). Created then that it has this family, it guides it, presides over it, and knowing it, illuminates and reabsorbs it within itself at once "Shambhunātha .

 

Kula-arnava is a term composed of the words कुल kula, which means family lineage, but here it indicates the शक्ति śakti, and

अर्णव arṇava which means flow, wave, ocean, possible translation: Ocean of the śakti.
If śakti is Kula, śiva is Akula.
All that is manifestation, testimony and teaching is Kula.
The absolute uncontaminated is Akula.
The union of Kula and Akula generates अमृत amṛta, undead, nectar of immortality.

This nectar that cannot be produced by sacrifice
(śiva itself defines the offerings of blood, flesh etc. Asadagama where आगम āgama means principle theory conception and Asad means NON SAT, improper -asadṛśa- etc.) but only through:

1) direct experience
2) inference.
3) testimony (scriptures).

 

The kularnava tantra like all tantras is the shastra of the kali yuga, the time when the mind of men is so obscured that only the grace of two deities can illuminate it: कृष्ण kṛṣṇa and कलि kali

The absolute, in kali Yuga, is like a seed, in kali yuga, wrapped not by veils but by heavy blankets to indicate the increased power of māyā.

This absolute is śiva- śakti (Akula- Kula) and does not change with the variation of the names with which it is defined: Rudra, brahma, visnu etc.

"the sadhaka who meditates on Parvati (Mahesvari the consort of Mahesvara or śiva, understands in the heart and mind that she is not different from the Guru, Visnu, mahesvara and the Mantra and makes himself mahesvara, although he appears as identified Jiva" .

"The real wine that needs to be researched and drunk is the divine nectar that intoxicates with joy and eternal life. It is a true yogi who knows the 'copulation' who enjoys the infinite bliss that derives from the union of the Self (Shiva) and his supreme Shakti (Kundalini) ".

 

 

The Kularnava Tantra is one of the most important texts of the Kaula and Nath tradition and is considered an authority in tantric literature. The book - worthy of study by those who want to understand the principles and practice of the tantric way - is presented in the form of a dialogue between the Lord of yoga, Shiva, and his Shakti, the Mother of the universe.

Tantra is a guide to spiritual liberation 'without the limits and constraints' of social religiosity. The meaning of the texts may seem obvious at first sight, but most of them use a language that must be interpreted, lived and implemented at different levels. According to tradition, everything has a physical, subtle and transcendent meaning, and the Devi with Her maya can confuse or illuminate. The non-pure person with an animal mentality is said to be predisposed to misunderstanding the meaning of the texts. The understanding of their hermetic language is found by going to the root of tantric philosophy, in which Shiva does not exist without Shakti, and yoga is the realization of the unity of all things.

 

The Kularnava Tantra is dedicated to the superior aspect of Shiva, called Ardhanarishvara. This aspect brings together Shiva and Shakti in a single form, and represents the union of the male and female principles, ida and pingala (ha-tha), of exhaled and inhaled breath. Each chapter is called ullasa or bliss, in reference to the divine nectar enjoyed by those who participate in the union of Shiva and Shakti.

 

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